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Summer Institute

Classroom Interaction Resources


*Tanner, K. D.  “Talking to Learn:  Why Biology Student Should Be Talking in Classrooms and How to Make it Happen.”  Cell Biology Education—Life Sciences Education, 2009,8, 89-94.

 --If you need to be persuaded of the value of student interaction, this article makes a convincing case for it.  It also lists the barriers that prevent many faculty from using interaction and offers an array of strategies for overcoming them.  Never mind that it’s written about biology students, the contents are relevant in every discipline.


Jones, R. C.“The “Why” of Class Participation: A Question Worth Asking.” College Teaching, 2008, 56 (1), 59-63.

 --Offers a good overview of the intentions behind the use of participation and suggests new ways of thinking about its use.


Mello, J. A. “The Good, The Bad, and the Controversial: The Practicalities and Pitfalls of the Grading of Class Participation.” Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, 2010, 14(1), 77-97.

--An excellent article that explores the pros and cons of grading participation, issues that make it challenging to grade and offers some alternative strategies.