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Citing Sources: MLA

Books

MLA 7th Edition vs. MLA 8th Edition

The Modern Language Association (MLA) recently updated to the new 8th edition. If you were used to MLA 7, you will see some changes in MLA 8.

MLA 8 is arranged around “containers” instead of formats. Books, journals, and web sites are examples of containers. A container within a container is possible, so there could be a journal that is on a web site. This will become evident in the examples.

Other changes include:

  • No cities of publication for books.
  • No medium (print, web, etc.).
  • Adding abbreviations such as vol. for volume, no. for number, and p. or pp. for page number(s).
  • Including the URLs.

For more changes see What's new in the 8th edition